Boreal Forest


White-Tailed Deer

Herds of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are one of the most commonly seen wild animals in the US. They have been able to survive even though humans have taken over much of their land. Deer are part of the Cervidae family which also includes moose and elk. Where do Odocoileus virginianus live? White-tails are found …

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Ruffed Grouse

What do ruffed grouse look like? Grouse come in two different color phases- red and gray. The grouse found in the Border Country are mostly gray. Their tail feathers have a black stripe at the end of the feathers with gray tips. They have black feathers along the sides of their necks which they can …

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pine marten

Pine Marten

Did you know that Pine Martens are in the mustelid or weasel-like mammal family? Martens are related to mink, otters, badgers, wolverines, weasels, and skunks. What do martens look like? Pine martens are very agile and can climb high up in the tree tops. They are slender with a pointed face and a bushy tail. …

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Northern White Cedar

How big are white cedar? Northern white cedar usually grow to be about 50 feet tall and 12-16 inches in diameter. However, they have been known to grow much larger even reaching four feet in diameter. How long do northern white cedar live? Northern white cedar can live to be very old. There are many …

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Eastern White Pine

How big are white pine? White pine are the largest conifer east of the Mississippi and the second largest pine in North America. Mature White Pine are usually about 100 ft tall and 3ft in diameter. Historically white pine of up to 250 ft tall and 10 ft in diameter were found. The largest white …

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How big are quaking aspen? Quaking aspen can grow to be over 80 feet tall and 16 inches in diameter. How long do quaking aspen live? Quaking aspen usually live about 80 years. What do their leaves look like? Their leaves are broadly oval and 1 to 2 1/2 inches long. They have an uneven …

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Red Pine

How big are red pine? Red pine usually grow to be about 80 feet tall and 30 inches in diameter. However the largest in Minnesota is 120 feet tall and two grown people can barely get there hands to touch when they hug the tree! How long do red pine live? Red pine usually live …

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