Wilderness Library Tag: Rainforest Library

anhinga flight


The anhinga is an interesting bird that is 32-36 inches in height (a little bit smaller than a great blue heron). This bird has an impressive wingspan of up to 4 feet and weighs up to 3 lbs. Anhingas have blackish, very long, thin, necks. Their small snakelike heads with long pointed bills which make …

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There are 42 species of Toucans found throughout the world. Six of them live in Costa Rica. A toucan’s most recognizable feature is it’s beak. The beak is surprisingly light weight, because it is hollow. Scientists continue to be baffled why toucans have such oversized beaks. Toucans are only found in the tropics. The keel-billed …

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squirrel monkey

Squirrel Monkey

Squirrel Monkeys are some of the most commonly seen monkeys in the Central American rainforest’s, even though they are very shy and skiddish. They average about 1 foot in length, with the their tails adding on another full foot. Squirrel monkeys weigh 1.5-2.5 lbs, and are diurnal, or active during the daytime. Your average squirrel …

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Tapirs usually stay close to water, and on hot days have been observed submerged with only their heads above the surface. The Tapir is Costa Rica’s largest land mammal. It’s also been around for a while. It’s fossil records go back nearly 20-million years! A Tapir is an interesting animal, and is what you get …

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Click To Enlarge A sloth has tiny ears and doesn’t hear very well. But it has great eyesight, a good sense of smell, and is sensitive to vibrations. Perhaps my favorite animal found the rainforest is the sloth. Costa Rica is home to two of the six species of sloth, the Hoffman’s two-toed sloth (Chollepus …

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The Quetzal has been said to be most beautiful bird in the world. The Quetzal (pronounced ket-sal), makes its nest about 20-40 feet off the ground, where the birds will lay its eggs and raise its young. The growing chicks are fed mostly small invertebrates, amphibians, and reptiles, but begin to eat fruit as they …

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Spider Monkey

A spider monkey is named for it’s long and thins arms, legs, and tails. Having these strong and long limbs help this animal to be one of the best equipped arboreal (living in the trees) animals found the rainforest. A spider monkey can swing through the rainforest canopy and hang suspended by their tail. Their …

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Click To Enlarge Pumas hunt their prey during the nighttime. They’re eyes are specially adapted to help them see in the dark. After a cougar has eaten its fill, it will bury the remains of the kill and save it for a later date! Pumas are also called cougars, panthers, or mountain lions. That’s right, …

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poison frog

Poison Dart Frog

There are approximately 150 species of amphibians living in Costa Rica. Several of these species include some of the most brightly colored frogs found in the rainforest. This fascinating group of frogs belongs to the family Dendronbatidae. In Costa Rica there are 7 species, 3 of which boldly display the bright and contrasting colors that …

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purple orchid


Click To Enlarge The purple orchid, Cattleya skinneri, Costa Rica’s National Flower ORCHIDS Costa Rica has been shown to have the most diverse fauna of any country in the world. One of the most beautiful flowers found in the rainforest is the orchid. The orchid is also perhaps one of most particular and pesky families …

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