Tags: Boreal Forest, North America, carnivore, cat, feline, predator, threatened
A Canada lynx stalking its prey. Photo by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Erwin and Peggy Bauer Image Source
The Canada lynx is a North American member of the cat family. It ranges across Canada and into Alaska as well as some parts of the northern United States.
What does a Canada lynx look like?
It looks very similar to its Eurasian cousin, with dense silvery brown fur and blackish markings. It has a ruffed face and tufted ears. Larger than a bobcat, but over twice the size of the domestic cat it is quite small, at an average size of 24 lbs, 36 inches in length and a shoulder height of 24 inches. Males are larger than females. In summer, its coat has a reddish brown color. It has a short tail with a black tip and long furry tufts on its ears. Long legs with big furry feet help it travel through deep snow.
What do they eat?
Lynx hunt for hares, rodents, birds, and sometimes kill larger animals such as deer. They use their strong sense of hearing and good eye sight to locate prey. In some areas the snowshoe hare is virtually the only prey of the Canada lynx. The size of the lynx population tends to follow the 10 year-long cycle of snowshoe hare numbers.
Where do Canada lynx live?
This cat is found in northern forests across almost all of Canada and Alaska. There are also large populations of this lynx in Montana, Vermont, Idaho and Washington and a resident population exists in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. It is rare in Utah, Minnesota, and New England; reintroduction efforts in Colorado have been ongoing since 1999. The Canada lynx is a threatened species in the lower 48 United States.
A close up. Photo by Trisha M. Shears
The green on the map indicates the range of the Canada lynx. Photo by Surachit